(born May 31, 1965) is an American actress and model. She was initially achild modeland gained critical acclaim at age 12 for her leading role inLouis Malles film(1978), in which she played achild prostituteinNew Orleansat the beginning of the 20th century. Shields garnered widespread notoriety in the role, and she continued to model into her late teenage years and starred in several dramas in the 1980s, including
In 1983, Shields suspended her career as a model to attendPrinceton University, where she graduated with abachelors degreein Romance Languages.1In the 1990s, Shields returned to acting and appeared in minor roles in films. She also starred in theSuddenly Susan(1996-2000), for which she received twoGolden Globenominations, andLipstick Jungle(2008-2009).2In 2017, Shields returned to NBC with a major recurring role inLaw & Order: Special Victims Unitin the shows 19th season.3Since 2014, Shields has voiced Beverly Goodman in theAdult Swimanimated seriesMr. Pickles.
Brooke Christa Shields2was born inManhattan, New York4on May 31, 1965,4the daughter of actress and modelTeri Shields(neSchmon; 19332012) and businessmanFrank Shields(19412003). Her mother was ofEnglishGermanScotch-Irish, andWelshdescent,56while her father had English,FrenchIrish, andItalianancestry.7According to research byWilliam Addams Reitwiesner, Shields has ancestral links with a number of noble families from Italy, in particular fromGenoaandRome.8These are namely (in chronological order of descent from 1355 to 1965) theGattilusiPalaiologosSavoyGrimaldiImperialiCarafaDoriaDoria-Pamphili-LandiChigi-Albani, andTorloniadynasties.8Her paternal grandmother was Italian noblewomanMarina Torlonia di Civitella-Cesi, who was the daughter of anItalian princeand anAmerican socialite.8
When Teri announced that she was pregnant, Franks family paid her a sum to terminate the pregnancy. Teri took the money, but violated the agreement and gave birth to Shields.9Frank married Teri, but they were divorced when Shields was five months old.10She has two stepbrothers and three half-sisters.1112When Shields was only five days old, her mother openly stated she wanted her to be active in show business, saying, Shes the most beautiful child and Im going to help her with her career.13Growing up, Shields took piano, ballet, andhorse ridinglessons.14
Shields was raised in theRoman Catholicfaith.15For herconfirmationat age 10, she took the nameCamille. While attending high school, she resided inHaworth, New Jersey, across theGeorge Washington Bridgefrom Manhattan.16Shields has stated that her very first encounter with the paparazzi was in the Grand Ballroom of theWaldorf Astoria New Yorkat the age of 12, stating that she stood like a statue wondering why they were all hired to photograph [her] and that shedebutedat the Waldorf.17
Shields attended theNew Lincoln Schooluntil eighth grade.1819She graduated from theDwight-Englewood SchoolinEnglewood, New Jersey, in 1983.2She moved to a dorm atPrinceton Universityto pursue herbachelors degreeinFrench literature, where she graduated in 1987.2021At Princeton, Shields spoke openly about her sexuality and virginity. She was a member of thePrinceton Triangle Cluband theCap and Gown Club. Her autobiography,On Your Own, was published in 1985.22Her 1987 senior thesis was titled The Initiation: From Innocence to Experience: The Pre-Adolescent/Adolescent Journey in the Films ofLouis Malle,Pretty BabyandLacombe Lucien.2
Shortly after Shields graduated from college, her four-year transcript was published in the July 1987 edition ofLife Magazine. Based on that transcript,The New York Timespublished a light-heartedop-ed pieceintended to tweak the claim that Princeton produced superior, well-rounded graduates. Noting that Shields got all As and Bs, and obviously paid attention to her school work, it claimed she got cheated because Princeton did not require her to take any classical studies, medieval, modern or American history, nor any course in mathematics, philosophy, economics, political science, world literature, or science with laboratory experience. [I]f that adds up to a liberal arts education from a place like Princeton, there is no longer any danger that our society will ever suffer from elitism in any form.23
Shields began her career as a model when she was 11 months old in 1966. Her first job was forIvory Soap, when she was shot byFrancesco Scavullo.2She continued as a successful child model with model agentEileen Ford, who, in her Lifetime Network biography, stated that she started her childrens division just for Shields. In 1978, when she was 12 years old, Shields played a childprostitutein the controversial filmPretty Baby.Eileen Ford, founder of theFord Modeling Agency, said of Brooke Shields: She is a professional child and unique. She looks like an adult and thinks like one.24
In 1980, 14-year-old Shields was the youngest fashion model ever to appear on the cover ofVogue. Later that same year, Shields appeared in controversial print and TV ads forCalvin Kleinjeans. The TV ad included her saying the famous tagline, You want to know what comes between me and my Calvins? Nothing.22526Brooke Shields ads would help catapult Kleins career to super-designer status.27
From 1981 to 1983, Shields, her mother, photographerGarry Gross, andPlayboy Presswere involved in litigation in theNew York City Courtsover the rights to photographs her mother had signed away to Gross (when dealing with models who are minors, a parent or legal guardian must sign such a release form while other agreements are subject to negotiation). Gross was the photographer of a controversial set of nude images taken in 1975 of a then ten-year-old Brooke Shields with the consent of her mother, Teri Shields, for the Playboy Press publication Sugar n Spice. The images portray Shields nude, standing and sitting in a bathtub, wearing makeup and covered in oil. The courts ruled in favor of the photographer due to a strange twist in New York law. It would have been otherwise had Brooke Shields been considered a child performer rather than a model.28
By the age of 16, Shields had become one of the most recognizable faces in the United States, because of her dual career as a provocativefashion modeland child actress.2Timemagazine reported in its February 9, 1981 cover story that her day rate as a model was $10,000. In 1983, Shields appeared on the cover of the September issue of ParisVogue, the October and November issues of AmericanVogueand the December edition of ItalianVogue.20During that period Shields became a regular at New York Citys nightclubStudio 54.29In 2009, a picture of a naked Brooke Shields taken when she was 10 and included in a work byRichard Prince,Spiritual America, created a row. It was removed from an exhibition at theTate Modernafter a warning from the police.30
Shields first major film role was as a lead actress inLouis MallesPretty Baby(1978), a movie in which she played a child named Violet who lived in a brothel (in which there were numerous nude scenes).2She was only 12 years old when the film was released, and controversy regardingchild pornographyarose.313233This was followed by a slightly less controversial and less notable film,Wanda Nevada(1979).
After two decades of movies, her best known films are still arguablyThe Blue Lagoon(1980), which included nude scenes between teenage lovers on a tropical island (Shields later testified before a U.S. Congressional inquiry that olderbody doubleswere used in some of them), andEndless Love(1981). TheMPAAinitially ratedEndless Lovewith anX rating. The film was re-edited to earn anR rating.34She won thePeoples Choice Awardin the category of Favorite Young Performer in four consecutive years from 1981 to 1984. In 1998, she played a lesbian, Lily, inThe Misadventures of Margaret.35
In 2001,Lifetimeaired the filmWhat Makes a Family, starring Shields andCherry Jonesin a true story of alesbiancouple who fought the adoption laws ofFlorida.36
Shields began her television career at an early age. In 1980, she was the youngest guest star to ever appear onThe Muppet Show, in which she and the Muppets put on their own version ofAlices Adventures in Wonderland. She was also the youngest person to hostABCsFridays, aSaturday Night Live-like sketch comedy show, in 1981. In one episode of the popular comedy sitcomFriends, Shields playedJoeys stalker. This role led directly to her being cast in theNBCsitcomSuddenly Susan, in which she starred from 1996 until 2000, and which earned aPeoples Choice Awardin the category of Favorite Female Performer in a New Television Series for her, in 1997, and twoGolden Globenominations.2
In the early 1980s, she starred in thesponsored by theAmerican Lung Associationas an initiative thatVIPsshould become examples and advocates of non-smoking.37In the mid-1980s, Brooke began her support of theUSOby touring withBob Hope.38
Shields made a couple of guest appearances onThat 70s Show. She played Pam Burkhart,JackiesMila Kunis) mother, who later was briefly involved withDonnasLaura Prepon) father (played byDon Stark). Shields leftThat 70s Showwhen her character was written out. Shields recorded the narration for the Sony/BMG recording ofThe Runaway Bunny, a concerto for violin, orchestra, and reader, byGlen Roven. It was performed by theRoyal Philharmonicand Ittai Shapira.
In the late 2000s, Shields guest-starred on shows likeFXsNip/TuckandCBSTwo and a Half Men. In 2005, Shields appeared in a season-two episode of HBOsEntourage, entitled Blue Balls Lagoon. In 2007, she made a guest appearance on DisneysHannah Montana, playing Susan Stewart, Miley and Jacksons mother, who died in 2004. In 2008, she returned in the primetime dramaLipstick Jungle. The series ended a year later.2
Starting in 2010, she made guest appearances onThe Middleas the mother of a brood of terror-inducing children and the nemesis of Frankie Heck (played byPatricia Heaton).3940She also appeared as a featured celebrity inNBCs genealogy documentary reality series,Who Do You Think You Are?, where it was revealed that, through her fathers ancestry, she is the distant cousin (many generations removed) ofKing Louis XIVof France, and thus a descendant of bothSaint LouisandHenry IV of France.41
Starting in 2013, Shields has been an occasional guest co-host in the 9:00 hour ofTodayon NBC.
Shields has appeared in severalBroadwaytheater productions, including the musicalsGrease(1994 revival) as Betty Rizzo, the 1998 revival ofCabaret(in 2001), the 2003 revival ofWonderful Town(in 20042005) andChicago.2She also performed inChicagoin Londons West End. She took over the role ofMorticia Addamsin the Broadway musicalThe Addams Familyon June 28, 2011.42
As a child, she lived with her mother on theUpper East Side.43
In the June 2009 issue ofHealthmagazine, Shields related that she lost her virginity at age 22 to actorDean Cainwhile they were dating at Princeton.44She said it would have occurred earlier had she had a better self-image.45
In the 1990s, Shields promoted physical fitness as an extension of femininity, maintaining that femininity and athletics are compatible. Although she was not the only woman doing so, Shields had what was required to promote womens athletics.4647
Shields is also a well-knownvegan48and ananimal rightsactivist. However, despite coming out against thefur industryin 1989,49Shields later went on to create her own mink fur coat at Kopenhagen Fur.50She came under the scrutiny ofanimal rightsorganizations such asPETAfor this visit, which prompted media attention.51
Shields has been married twice. From 1997 to 1999, she was married to tennis playerAndre Agassi; the couple had been together since 1993.52Following her divorce from Agassi, she marriedtelevisionwriterChris Henchyin 2001, after they had met through mutual friends in 1999.53The couple has two daughters54and reside inGreenwich VillageManhattanNew York City.55She is a spokeswoman forTupperwares Chain of Confidence SMART Girls campaign, a program that teaches girls to nurture their mental and physical well-being.
Between April and May 2005, Shields spoke to magazines (such asGuideposts) and appeared onThe Oprah Winfrey Showto publicize her battle withpostpartum depression, an experience that included depression, thoughts of suicide, an inability to respond to her babys needs and delayed maternal bonding.5657The illness may have been triggered by a traumatic childbirth, the death of her father three weeks earlier, stress fromin vitro fertilization, a miscarriage and a family history of depression, as well as thehormonesand life changes which were brought on by childbirth. Her book,Down Came the Rain, discusses her experience,58contributing to a greater public awareness of postpartum depression.59
In May 2005,Tom Cruise, an actor andscientologistwhose beliefs frown uponpsychiatry, condemned Brooke, both personally and professionally, for both using and speaking in favor of theantidepressantdrugPaxil. As Cruise said, Here is a woman and I care about Brooke Shields, because I think she is an incredibly talented woman, you look at [and think], where has her career gone? Shields responded that Cruises statements about anti-depressants were irresponsible and dangerous. She said that he should stick to fighting aliens (a reference to Cruises starring role inWar of the Worldsas well as some of the more esoteric aspects ofScientology doctrine and teachings), and let mothers decide the best way to treat postpartum depression. The actress responded to a further attack by Cruise in an essay War of Words published inThe New York Timeson July 1, 2005, in which she made an individual case for the medication and said, In a strange way, it was comforting to me when my obstetrician told me that my feelings of extreme despair and my suicidal thoughts were directly tied to a biochemical shift in my body. Once we admit that postpartum is a serious medical condition, then the treatment becomes more available and socially acceptable. With a doctors care, I have since tapered off the medication but, without it, I wouldnt have become the loving parent I am today.60On August 31, 2006, according to ,61Cruise privately apologized to Shields for the incident. Shields accepted Cruises apology, which she said was heartfelt. Three months later in November 2006, she and her husband attended the wedding of Cruise andKatie Holmes.
On July 7, 2009, Shields spoke at the memorial service forMichael Jackson.62She stated in that speech that she first met Jackson, who was 21 at the time, when she was 13 years old, and the two instantly became friends.63Shields said:
Thinking back to when we met and the many times that we spent together and whenever we were out together, there would be a caption of some kind, and the caption usually said something like an odd couple or an unlikely pair, but to us it was the most natural and easiest of friendships… Michael always knew he could count on me to support him or be his date and that we would have fun no matter where we were. We had a bond… Both of us needed to be adults very early, but when we were together, we were two little kids having fun.64
In hereulogy, she shared anecdotes, including an occasion in which she was his date for one ofElizabeth Taylors weddings, and the pair sneaked into Taylors room to get the first look at her dress, only to discover Taylor asleep in the bed. Shields gave a tearful speech, referring to the many memories she and Jackson shared and briefly joked about his famous sequin glove. She also mentioned Jacksons favorite songSmilebyCharlie Chaplin, which was later sung in the memorial service byJermaine Jackson.65
New York TimescolumnistGail Collinswrote that it was a little peculiar hearing Brooke Shieldss weepy testimony about her deep friendship with Jackson given the fact that she told reporters that the last time she saw him was at Elizabeth Taylors eighth wedding in 1991.66Jackson stated in his 1993 interview withOprah Winfreythat he was dating Shields at the time.67Shields has stated that Jackson asked her to marry him numerous times and to adopt a child together.68
In a conversation within 2001, Jackson said of Shields:
That was one of the loves of my life. I think she loved me as much as I loved her, you know? We dated a lot. We, we went out a lot. Her pictures were all over my wall, my mirror, everything. And I went to the Academy Awards with Diana Ross and this girl walks up to me and says Hi, Im Brooke Shields. Then she goes, Are you going to the after-party? I go, Yeah. Good, Ill see you at the party. Im going, Oh my God, does she know shes all over my room? So we go to the after-party. She comes up to me she goes, Will you dance with me? I went, Yes. I will dance with you. Man, we exchanged numbers and I was up all night, singing, spinning around my room, just so happy. It was great.69
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Best Actress Television Series Musical or Comedy
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Wikipedia indefinitely semi-protected biographies of living people
Turner Classic Movies person ID same as Wikidata
Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz identifiers
Wikipedia articles with WorldCat-VIAF identifiers
This page was last edited on 6 April 2019, at 15:31